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#619 SYN6288 Module

Investigating the SYN6288 Chinese text to speech module with simple Arduino demonstration.


Here’s a quick demo..



I picked up a SYN6288 speech synthesis module during the 11-11 sales last year. Finally got around to giving it a run.

Bottom line:

  • the chip is for Chinese (Mandarin) speech synthesis. It can read english characters, but if you are looking for speech synthesis in other languages, this is not the chip you need.
  • it does a phenomenal job. Pronunciation is good, and the ability to mix background sounds is pretty amazing in such a small chip.
  • Volume without additional amplification is also very good.
  • the command set is pretty straight-forward and easy to code for.

The code I’m using for the demo is very basic and takes a few short-cuts. But from this little test I can tell that it would be quite easy to code up a full-featured library.

The current product is SYN6288E

SYN6288 Module

The SYN6288 speech synthesis module is manufactured by Beijing Yu Tone World Technology Co. Ltd 北京宇音天下科技有限公司

The OSYNO 6188 28pin small volume speech synthesis chip was introduced in 2003. While quite revolutionary, its features were limited:

  • only GB_2312 and ASCII code
  • max 9600bps

The SYN6288 new gen product was launched in 2010, with improved features:

  • GB2312, GBK, BIG5 and Unicode
  • max 38400bps
  • new control commands incl synthesis, stop synthesis, pause synthesis, continue synthesis, change baud rate

General Specifications


  1. the module has the standard 3.5mm standard audio interface, can be plugged into the audio, amplifier equipment, set aside speaker interface directly to drive 8Ω 0.5W speakers.
  2. module input voltage can choose 3-5V arbitrary power input, serial communication operation is simple. The baud rate can be selected 3 communication level: 9600,19200,38400bit/s.
  3. Input Chinese characters can be prepared from the corresponding audio, sound is output by the audio output interface, use the sound of a human voice, add background music, a variety of sound system, only need to send instruction format.
  4. supporting the official test software, can realize the voice synthesis demonstration operation


  • Support Text, GBK, BIG5 and GB2312 and UNICODE code format;
  • clear, natural, accurate Chinese speech synthesis effect; can arbitrary Chinese text synthesis, support synthesis English letters;
  • have intelligent text analysis and processing algorithm,can correctly identify the numerical number, date, time and the common measurement symbols;
  • strong conversion and Chinese surname processing ability;
  • support multiple text control mark, improve the correct rate of text processing;
  • text volume of each synthesis up to 200 bytes;
  • support a variety of control commands, including: synthesis, stop, pause synthesis, continue synthesis,alter baudrate etc.;
  • support for hibernation, in sleep mode power consumption can be reduced; support a variety of ways to query chip working state;
  • support for serial data communication interface, support the three kind of communication baud rate: 9600bps, 19200bps, 38400bps;
  • support 16 grade volume adjustment; the playback volume of text prospects and background music in the background can be separated from the control volume;
  • can send control markup adjustment speed ,support 6 grade words speed adjustment;
  • chip solidified with the multi polyphonic music, sound effects And a common voice prompt tone for certain industries;
  • the internal integration of 19 sound tone, 23 Chord tone, 15 background music;
  • the final products of SSOP SMD package form;
  • the indicators of chip meet outdoor harsh environment application

Basic Mode of Operation

Covered in the datasheet [ ZH, EN ]

The module:

  • operates on 5V
  • receives commands over UART connection. Default 9600bps, 8 data bit, 1 stop bit, no parity.
  • provides mono audio output on the BP0 and BN0 pins.
  • a BUSY output pin goes high when still processing the commands sent to it via UART.

Commands are sent in a common frame structure:

frame part length values description
header 1 byte 0xFD  
data area length 2 bytes    
data area: command 1 byte    
data area: params 1 byte    
data area: text     200 bytes max
data area: checksum 1 byte   XOR checksum

Command 0x01: Play

params[bits: 7,6,5,4] - encode background music (0 - 15)

params[bits: 3,1,0] - specify encoding format:

  • 0x00 - GB2312
  • 0x01 - GBK
  • 0x02 - BIG5
  • 0x03 - UNICODE


command params description
0x01 0x00 Play text GB2312 encoding
0x01 0x01 Play text GBK encoding
0x01 0x02 Play text BIG5 encoding
0x01 0x03 Play text Unicode encoding
0x01 0x09 Play text GBK encoding with background music 1
0x01 0x79 Play text GBK encoding with background music 15

Command 0x02: Stop synthesis

Command 0x03: Synthetic pause

Command 0x04: Recovery synthesis

Command 0x21: Chip Status

Command 0x31: Set Baud Rate

Command 0x88: Power Down

Arduino Libraries

There don’t appear to be any well supported Arduino libraries at this time. The best examples I found to work with include:

Example Code

I’m using a local cleaned up / butchered version of the Syn6288 library with a simple demonstration of three text blocks:

  • Chinese synthesis, reading: “希望大家心想事成健健康康”
  • reading English characters: “”
  • counting numbers (in Chinese): “1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9”

NB: is a fantastic resource for cross-encoding text to bytes

The code takes quite a few shortcuts:

  • drives the SYN6288 through the hardware serial (using Serial class and pins 0, 1).
    • This is easy, but with an Uno it does mean disconnecting the SYN6288 while programming
  • code does not check chip status or monitor the busy indicator
    • this means it needs to “guess” how long the chip will teak to synthesise the text
    • interesting: reading english characters seems to take more time than readin Chinese


Here are the details of the interconnection of the module with an Arduino Uno and speaker - all that I needed for a test.




Credits and References

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This page is a web-friendly rendering of my project notes shared in the LEAP GitHub repository.

LEAP is just my personal collection of projects. Two main themes have emerged in recent years, sometimes combined:

  • electronics - usually involving an Arduino or other microprocessor in one way or another. Some are full-blown projects, while many are trivial breadboard experiments, intended to learn and explore something interesting
  • scale modelling - I caught the bug after deciding to build a Harrier during covid to demonstrate an electronic jet engine simulation. Let the fun begin..
To be honest, I haven't quite figured out if these two interests belong in the same GitHub repo or not. But for now - they are all here!

Projects are often inspired by things found wild on the net, or ideas from the many great electronics and scale modelling podcasts and YouTube channels. Feel free to borrow liberally, and if you spot any issues do let me know (or send a PR!). See the individual projects for credits where due.