Exploring the ADR4540 precision reference, tested with an Arduino as an external voltage reference.
The Analog Devices ADR4540 is an “Ultralow Noise, High Accuracy Voltage Reference” with a 4.096V output voltage. Other parts in the series are available for reference voltages of 2.048, 2.5, 3.0, 3.3, and 5.0V.
Input and Output Stabilisation
The dataasheet recommends capacitors on the input to improve transient response and reduce noise:
- 1 μF to 10 μF electrolytic or ceramic capacitor (transient response)
- An additional 100nF ceramic capacitor (reduce supply noise)
An output capacitor is required for stability and to filter out low level voltage noise. For the ADR4540, the data sheet recommends minimum 100nF.
In this example, the ADR4540 is used to provide a 4.096V reference for an Arduino (AREF).
This requires the external reference to be enabled
A voltage divider comprising a 10kΩ pot across the 5V supply provides a test input with a range of 0 to 5V. This test signal is read on the Ardunio A0 analog input.
Since AREF is enabled (
analogReference(EXTERNAL)), analog readings are all with respect the the 4.096V reference voltage.
A Nokia 5110 display provides a realtime reading of the analog input and the derived voltage reading.
The ADR4540.ino sketch drives the demo.