# #755 9V (PP3) to 5V or 3.3V Power Adapter

Building an MC34063-based buck converter adapter for a 9V battery, with output voltage selectable between 5V and 3.3V.

## Notes

This project is inspired by the snapVCC (no longer available) by electronut back in 2015 or so. It is based around the Texas Instruments TPS560200 buck converter with 500 mA output current, mounted on a 9V battery clip. It allowed for a selectable 3.3V or 5V output.

The Nine-volt battery size, regardless of chemistry, is commonly designated PP3 — a designation originally reserved solely for carbon-zinc, or in some countries, E or E-block. Designations for this format include `NEDA 1604` and `IEC 6F22` (for zinc-carbon) or `MN1604 6LR61` (for alkaline).

### Circuit Design

I’ve redesigned this around the Motorola MC34063A DC–to–DC converters, as this is a suitable chip that I have on hand.

OnSemi also provide a MC34063A Design Worksheet to assist.

#### Some givens and assumptions

• `Vf = 0.6V` ; 1N5819 forward voltage
• `Vsat = 1.26V` ; saturation Voltage of Power Switch Transistor
• `Vripple = 100mV` ; chosen peak ripple voltage
• Design for 150mA and 30% inductor ripple (typical inductor use 20-40% of the average output current)
• `Il(avg) = 150mA`
• `Iripple = 150mA * 30% = 45mA`
• `Ipk = Il(avg) + Iripple/2 = 150 + 45/2 = 172.5mA`
• `f = 40Khz` switching frequency

#### Parameter Calculations

Parameter Formula Vout = 5V Vout = 3.3V
`Ton/Toff` `(Vout + Vf) / (Vin - Vsat - Vout)` 2.04 0.88
`Ton + Toff` `1 / f` 25µs 25µs
`Toff` `(Ton + Toff)/(Ton/Toff + 1)` 8.22µs 13.29µs
`Ton` `(Ton + Toff) – Toff` 16.78μs 11.71μs
`Ct` `4.0 * 10^-5 * Ton` 671pF 468pF
`Rsc` `0.3/Ipk` 1.74Ω 1.74Ω
`Lmin` `(Vin - Vsat - Vout)/Ipk x Ton` 267.5μH 302µH
`Cout` `Ipk (Ton + Toff)/(8 * Vripple)` 5.39μF 5.39μF
`R1` given 12kΩ 12kΩ
`R2` `R1 * (Vout/1.25 - 1)` 36kΩ 19.68kΩ

Note: the MC34063A Design Worksheet appears to have an error in the calculation of `Lmin` (it uses `Iripple` instead of `Ipk`)

With these components, we should be able to select between 3.3V and 5V output by selecting between R2 of 12kΩ and 20kΩ.

Ref Selected
Co 10μF
Ct 680pF
L1 330μH
R1 12kΩ
R2 (Vout = 5V) 33kΩ // 33kΩ + 20kΩ = 36.5kΩ
R2 (Vout = 3.3V) 20kΩ

### Circuit Layout

Breadboard build to validate the circuit:

Checking with R2=20kΩ, actual Vout = 3.41V:

 Checking with R2=20kΩ+(33kΩ 33kΩ), actual Vout = 5.12V:

### Build Log

Planning the layout on a DIP28 adapter board using SMD components (except for the 1Ω sense resistor that I only had available in through-hole).

I scavenged the 9V connector from a dead battery (just remember to reverse the polarity).

Only a couple of bodge wires required to complete the circuit, and I was able to keep the entire circuit within the available space.

Testing the 3.3V selector:

Testing the 5V selector:

The completed unit attached to a battery:

The completed unit: