#072 NOR7402 - 74LS02 Quad 2-input NOR gate test
Use an Arduino to demonstrate a basic 74LS02 Quad 2-input NOR gate circuit, and plot the results with Processing.
The 74LS02 Quad 2-input NOR gate is from the 7400 series of TTL integrated circuits. “Quad 2-input” means it contains four independent gates each with 2 inputs. “74LS” means this is Low-power Schottky sub-family device (reduced power consumption and switching speed compared to 74S)
Each gate implements standard NOR logic:
The 74LS02 is a 5V device with logic levels bounded as follows (from the datasheet):
- HIGH inputs are recommended to be 2.0V minimum
- LOW inputs are recommended to be 0.8V maximum
- HIGH output is 2.7V minimum, typically 3.4V
- LOW output is 0.5V maximum, typically 0.35V
This circuit demonstrates the basic operation. It uses the Arduino to sequence inputs through the truth table on a single NOR gate. The NOR gate outpur drives an LED and is also measured by the Arduino with an analog input.
Here’s a sample trace taken with PlotNValues (a simple Processing sketch). The lower two traces are the gate inputs, and the upper trace is the gate output. The HIGH output voltage measures at 3.42V (a tad over typical value according to the datasheet)