Fork me on GitHub

Project Notes

#135 555Timer/TouchSwitch

Test a touch switch circuit based on a 555 timer

Notes

This is basically a 555 timer monostable, but triggered by touch pad on pin 2 (trigger). I’m using a 100kΩ/10µF configuration which gives an output pulse of 1100ms when triggering occurs. The R/C values can be adjusted to change the pulse duration.

The circuit takes advantage of the fact that the trigger input is quite sensitive since it is essentially the input to a PNP darlington-pair. Trigger occurs upon application of a negative trigger pulse of less than 1/3 VCC, which sets the internal flip-flip. The flip-flip is reset at the end of its cycle, ready to receive another trigger input.

In practice, a finger touch to the flying lead attached to pin 2 may be enough to trigger the 555. If the body is holding too much charge, it may be necessary to press across the two flying leads (pin 2, ground) in order to pull down pin 2 sufficiently.

Other circuits include a pull-up resistor of 10MΩ or so on pin 2. But doesn’t work for me at all.

To improve the sensitivity, pin 2 could be pulled down via a transistor, with the touch applied to the BJT base as described here.

Construction

Breadboard

The Schematic

The Build

Credits and References

About LEAP#135 555 Timer
Project Source on GitHub Return to the LEAP Catalog

This page is a web-friendly rendering of my project notes shared in the LEAP GitHub repository.

LEAP is my personal collection of electronics projects, usually involving an Arduino or other microprocessor in one way or another. Some are full-blown projects, while many are trivial breadboard experiments, intended to learn and explore something interesting (IMHO!).

The projects are usually inspired by things found wild on the net, or ideas from the sources such as:

Feel free to borrow liberally, and if you spot any issues do let me know. See the individual projects for credits where due. There are even now a few projects contributed by others - send your own over in a pull request if you would also like to add to this collection.